The above article elaborates on the racialization of Arab women in America both currently and 30+years back. It makes an interesting point about the relation between religion and race (namely racism’s conflation of ‘Arab’ and ‘Muslim’), saying that Arab Americans have faced plenty of racism since before the majority of Arab American immigrants were even muslim. This article cleanly sweeps aside any argument that Arab Americans are simply considered ‘white’ in America, reminds readers that Arab Americans can be discriminated against for their race and their stereotyped [imagined] connection to Islam, not to mention the racism against Arab Americans is so strong (and, of course, not kept distinct enough) as to spill over onto virtually all middle-easterners as well as Indian Americans and some other Asian peoples in America. This article is relevant to the Andrea Smith reading, particularly the bit about the “whiteness” of Arab Americans, plus it references Omi and Winant’s famous Racial Formation paper.
While the above doesn’t really focus on Asian American student activism, I feel that it does speak to the Umemoto and Yamashita readings by investigating changes in student activism (specifically racial activism) since the 1960s. The article makes reference to the birth of Asian-American studies (amongst other race and identity studies) from the success of the African American civil rights movement in popularizing race & identity studies, starting with African American studies. This goes to show that the decision for Asian American and African American activist groups to cooperate as in “On Strike!” did, at least in some way, pay off in the long run. It also takes a few jabs at figuring out why such fervent student activism has since died down, stating that it isn’t a matter of the amount of support for a cause, but a slew of other factors that allow for large-scale activist movements to take hold as they did in the ’60s.