In class we discussed the keywords for Asian Americans in the 1960s, 70s, 80s and 90s.

This piece by Ricky Sherover-Marcuse talks about liberation, oppression, differences and conditions between groups and class etc. His definition of liberation is ” both the undoing of the effects and the elimination of the causes of social oppression. The achievement of human liberation on a global scale will require far-reaching changes at the institutional level and at the level of group and individual interactions. These changes will involve transforming oppressive behavioral patterns and “unlearning” oppressive attitudes and assumptions.”

This piece by Douglas Perkins and Marc Zimmerman discusses the theory of empowerment. I like how they talk about the empowerment process and empowerment outcome. Empowerment process includes leadership and decision making in organizations and communities. Empowerment outcome includes control and resource mobilization skills. “Community level empowerment outcomes might include evidence of pluralism, and existence of organizational coalitions, and accessible community resources. ” (570)

Empowerment allows the enhancement of group participation and the accomplishment of goals in organizations.


I believe there’s a definite contrast between the two keywords. For liberation, there is a sense of undoing what’s already been there and done. For empowerment, there is a sense of achieving communication and hoping for the combination of great leadership and group participation in all organizational groups.