1st Source: http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/yellow_promise_yellow_peril/perils.html, Reading 1: Lee, Erika. 2007. “The ‘Yellow Peril’ and Asian Exclusion in the Americas.” Pacific Historical 76 (4): 537-562.
2nd Source:http://www.vintagefineartprints.com/print-18502-1869353/japanese-yellow-peril-paranoid-comment-japans-expansionism-other/ , Reading 2: Ono, Kent A. and Vincent N. Pham. 2009. “The Persistence of Yellow Peril Discourse.” In Asian Americans and the Media. Cambridge, UK and Malden, MA: Polity Press, 25-44.
In this picture, this shows what the White Populations thought of Japanese immigration. This pictures shows the fear of White Populations and populations around the world about the expansion Japanese and other Asian populations have evoked. Though the stereotypes are contested, the picture shows how frightening the expansion could be in the eyes of who believe their legitimacy is established i.e., non-immigrants, those that are native. This pictures shows the threat that non-immigrants may have faced, the picture is frightening enough but the author wants to show that these fears may be a misperception and ends by writing: “Our approach to studying yellow peril discourse in this chapter has been to take an Asian American studies perspective on the subject; to draw attention to the historical, social, political, and legal conditions that relate to its existence: to emphasize the multimedia dimension of the emergence of yellow peril: and to suggest the ability ultimately to change media representations through knowledge, study, and critical examinations of such representations” (44). I think this is the best approach, although this is an approach that will take time as Asian Americans have yet to gain a presence in the media. Even then, Asian Americans are not hired for the roles that would exactly be considered socially acceptable, instead these roles exacerbate Asian American or Asian immigrants in a light that is not favorable, just as their presence has been in much of United States history during the late 1800s, and early 1900’s. In connection to the first text by Lee, Ono and Pham also agree on the same tangent that: “Furthermore, these examples illustrate that yellow peril is a media discourse that refers abstractly to the threat of Asian takeover and therefore does not allow for distinctions among groups” (44). Lee, Ono, and Pham all argue for a reconstruction of Asian identity in media, and that may be possible in the near future with growing acceptance.